If you’re not an Ecuadorian resident, you can spend in the country up to 9 months (6 month via business visa and 3 months – tourist visa), then you have to leave the country for at least 3 months.
If you’re interested in staying here for longer, you will have to apply for a residency type of visa. There are essentially three ways of getting the residency:
- Investment (bank deposit of $25,000 or purchasing a property worth minimum $25,000) – Visa 9: III – Inversionista
- Pension (you have to be a pensioner in your home country) – Visa 9: I – Rentista
- Education (you have to hold at least master degree and graduate from a university that is recognized by Ecuadorian government) – Visa 9: V – Profesional
Each type of residency visa can be extended to one person traveling with you (so called amparo) – typically your spouse.
In this article I’m describing the 3rd way – by education. So here is the algorithm of obtaining Ecuadorian professional visa which grants you the residency.
Prerequisite 0 – verifying your university
First of all, you have to ensure that your university/academy is on the list of schools recognized by SENESCYT (La Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia y Tecnología). It may still be possible to get through with a university/academy that is not on that list, but this would be more complicated process (which I’ll describe separately).
The most recent list is available here: http://www.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2015/02/Listado-actualizado-1611-2015.pdf.
You’ve found your university? Good, let’s continue.
Prerequisite 1 – business visa
To obtain any type of residency visa, you must have a business (180-days) visa first. To obtain it you have to visit an Ecuadorian embassy in your home country (or – if there’s no embassy in your country – you’ll have to get in touch with a nearest Ecuadorian embassy). Here is the list of all Ecuadorian diplomatic missions.
I won’t describe the process of getting the business visa, as it’s pretty straightforward. Just remember, the visa costs $200 for the main traveler and $50 for amparo.
Prerequisite 2 – documents
To start the process of obtaining visa 9:V – professional, you’ll have to prepare the following list of documents in your country:
- University diploma – the one that states your university name, your major, your academic title. Basically the one that proves you graduated from the university and you hold the title. This document should be legalized. Now, procedures vary from country to country, but legalization typically means that the ministry of education of your country should confirm your diploma (typically by stamping it).
- Certificate of good conduct – a statement that you have not been convicted. This should be as fresh as possible. Preferably get it just before you leave the country.
- Marriage certificate – if you want your spouse to get the residence as amparo. Again, this should have a very recent date on it.
All documents should be translated to Spanish by a sworn translator and then apostilled (including translations). An apostille is a stamp or a printed form issued by your country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs that allows the documents to be recognized by foreign agencies. It’s very important, as Ecuador won’t accept any document without apostille.
As you can imagine getting the documents will cost you money. How much? Difficult to say, as the costs vary from country to country.
Again, remember, it will be very difficult to gather those documents if you’re already outside your country. Prepare before leaving.
With your business visa valid for 180 days an the pile of documents you’re ready to arrive to Ecuador.
High-level plan of what needs to be done is this:
- Register your diploma.
- Register your business visa.
- Apply for residency visa.
- Cancel your business visa.
- Get your residency visa.
- Get cédula.
Registering your diploma
As soon as possible after your arrival, you should go to the SENESCYT. Most of major cities have a SENESCYT office, so most probably you won’t have to travel. Actually, before you go you should fill this form: http://www.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/wp-content/plugins/download-monitor/download.php?id=1610 with your data.
You will also need a color copy of your passport that would be confirmed by a notary (this will cost you $2-$4). Notaries offices are common in the cities centers and the confirmation procedure is very simple.
With your passport, the copy of the passport, the diploma and the form you go to SENESCYT and you explain you want your diploma to be registered. After scanning your documents, you will get a stamp on your form and will be informed that it may take up to 45 days to register. Now, these are working days, which means you’ll have to wait a least 9 weeks. Take that into account and don’t delay your visit at SENESCYT.
How would you know, you’re registered? Fortunately SENESCYT has a website where you can verify it:
You can enter either your name or your passport number.
Now, you just have to wait.
First visit at extranjería – business visa registration
So, after long time of waiting, your diploma is registered and you recognized as a valuable professional. 🙂
Now, you need to do a couple of things.
First of all, it’s possible that your business visa isn’t registered. How would you know? Check your passport. If it has a blue stamp from Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores Comercio e Integracion, it registered.
If it’s not registered you have to go to Quito to so called extranjería to register it. The office is located at 6 de Diciembre y La Niña.
You will have to take a turn ticker and wait. Then they will ask you to pay $4 for each visa you want to register, will keep your passport(s) and will tell you when you have to come back.
Certificado de Movimiento Migratorio
Meanwhile, you have to get a paper that lists all your arrivals and departures. You can get it in Ministerio de Movilidad Humana located in front of the Jardin mall at the Amazonas street. You will – of course – have to fill in a form (they’ll give it to you) and pay $5. You’ll get the paper immediately.
Second visit at extranjería – applying for the visa
Meanwhile, you can prepare another form – http://www.cancilleria.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/formulario-visa-inmigrante-doc.pdf.
You will also need a simple letter written in Spanish where you explain your reasons and motivations. Don’t worry – it can be really simple and it seems they don’t really care about it. However, it is a requirement.
OK, so let’s verify that you have everything you need:
- The visa form.
- The letter.
- Your passport (and a color copy).
- Your certificate of good conduct (translated and apostilled).
- Print-out from SENESCYT website with your information (simple print-screen is enough).
- Your diploma (translated and apostilled).
- Your marriage certificate (translated and apostilled) if you’re traveling with spouse.
- Certificado de Movimiento Migratorio
- A paper portfolio (they won’t accept without it).
Obviously it’s good the have copies of the documents just in case (they will take them away upon registration). You can also have a passport photo, but if you don’t – they will take one.
With this you can again go to extranjería (6 de Diciembre y La Niña).
First you collect your passport with the registered business visa, second you take a turn ticket, wait and apply.
After you have submitted your docs, you will have to wait approximately a week for the confirmation that you are granted the visa (they will send you and email).
So, again, waiting…
Third visit at extranjería – cancelling the business visa
If you got so far, congratulations, that means you have the email that says:
Le escribimos con la intención de notificarle que su trámite de VISA se encuentra APROBADO por lo que se solicita que se acerque a la Unidad de Extranjería a dejar su pasaporte para la emisión de la Visa, a partir del día de mañana.
You have to print it out, take your passport with you and go to extranjería again. You take a turn ticket and you cancel your business visa. They do it right away but they charge $50 for it.
With your visa cancelled you take another turn and you show them the email you got. You pay $320 for each professional visa. You leave your passport, so they can “process” (whatever they mean by that). You wait a week…
Fourth visit at extranjería – getting the residency and empadronamiento
You go at extranjería again. You show the email again, you get a turn ticket. You receive your passport back.
Congratulations! You’re an Ecuadorian resident!
Now you probably want a cédula – an Ecuadorian ID card. While this is not required, as you’re already granted residency, having a cédula will simplify your life (and you can travel to Galapagos island without being charged $100 as if you were a foreigner).
In order to do so, you’ll have to get empadronamiento which is a document you get in extranjería and you can get it the same day when you receive your passport with residency.
You’ll have to fill in a form with all your personal data and pay $4. You’ll get the document straight away, but it will only be valid 24 hours later. You cannot use it for getting the cédula before 24 hours.
First (and last) visit at Registro Civil
So, 24 hours passed. You’re good to go. Visit Registro Civil at Naciones Unidas y Amazonas in Quito, where you have to have:
- Your passport with your residency visa.
- A color copy of both passport and visa (preferably on one page).
- Empadronamiento (remember, it becomes valid after 24 hours after the issue).
You have to pay $5 for a cédula, get a turn ticket and wait (typical wait time is about an hour depending on the day). Then all your data will be entered into a computer, and they will take a photo of you (smile!). You will be told you have to wait 4 hours, but after 2,5 – 3 hours the cédula will be ready and you will be able to get it.
Well, that’s it. 🙂
If you don’t live in Quito – you will have to visit it 5 times. Sorry. This is Latin America. Generally the working hours of the offices are: 8:30-16:30, but the earlier you get, the more chances you have to get things done quickly.
No office will accept $100 bills. Get your change in advance. And always have some coins for copies.
Don’t trust the officials – ask twice, ask different people, verify answers, insist on getting an accurate answer.
Be prepared for costs. Just in Ecuador you will have to pay at least $400 not to mention the costs of translating your documents in your country and the cost of business visa which is a prerequisite ($200). This means getting an Ecuadorian residency can cost $700-$800 plus travels to Quito. But when you’re done with the process, you can enjoy your long stay at the equator. 🙂